Spartan women were very different from their sisters in Athens. One of those differences was that they could own their own land! Sparta rose to power in 6 BC.
According to the Greek philosopher Aristotle, two-fiths of Spartan land was owned by women. While most Greek women elsewhere in Greece were the property of their husbands, the Spartan women enjoyed freedoms that weren’t afforded to their Greek sisters.
How did they own land? Through inheritance or from their large dowries. When the land owner died, the daughters inherited half of what the sons got. They could also sell land; the law was extended to men and women.
In addition to all of that, the women were the household rulers; the men spent the majority of their lives as soldiers, in their barracks or at war.